OIL AND GAS
Producing crude oil and refined products at a lower cost to stay competitive on the market is one of the industry’s major challenges. Optimizing production systems and environmental utilities on currently operating sites is therefore a priority for the oil industry. This maximizes production efficiency, reduces the costs of extraction and refining and thereby offsets the exploration costs.
This fact is often forgotten but the chemical industry supplies all other industries. As an industry of industries, it has a vital role in the design of a large number of everyday objects and products (clothing, medicines, cars, smartphones, etc.) supplying active ingredients, hydrochloric acid, vitamins, plastics, polyurethane, etc
PULP AND PAPER
Despite the explosion of new technologies and the reduction in the number of letters being sent, the paper industry nevertheless has a rosy future. Similarly, the exponential increase in online sales is leading to a need for more cardboard packaging, which augurs well for paper and cardboard manufacturers’ development prospects. A major consumer of water, energy and chemicals, the paper industry is now seeking to drastically reduce its environmental impact.
The leading industrial sector in the world is a major consumer of water and energy. It also produces important quantities of organic waste and solid waste. Conditioned by changing food habits, demographic growth and an increase in living standards, the main challenge facing the sector is to successfully meet growing customer demands for elaborate, safe and nutritious food while reducing its resource consumption and controlling environmental, social and societal impacts.
Solid waste management is a challenge for the cities’ authorities in developing countries mainly due to the increasing generation of waste, the burden posed on the municipal budget as a result of the high costs associated to its management, the lack of understanding over a diversity of factors that affect the different stages of waste management and linkages necessary to enable the entire handling system functioning.
RENEWABLE NATURAL RESOURCES
A renewable resource is a natural resource which will replenish to replace the portion depleted by usage and consumption, either through natural reproduction or other recurring processes in a finite amount of time in a human time scale. Renewable resources are a part of Earth's natural environment and the largest components of its ecosphere. A positive life cycle assessment is a key indicator of a resource's sustainability.